Influential ideas

Examples of ancient ideas with projections to our days


The universe or cosmos consists of particles (e.g., atoms, photons) in an otherwise empty space.
Atoms can aggregate to form molecules and larger structures. These can be anorganic (e.g., crystals, metals, stone, or clouds), or they can be organic (e.g., proteins, fat, sugars, RNA, DNA). Under consumption of energy and a decrease in entropy, they can, together with anorganic components, make up cells, tissues and organisms.
Particles and their aggregates can interact with one another. These interactions are governed by consistent rules called natural laws.
The discovery of the natural laws underlying cosmos and nature is a continuing process driven by human curiosity. At all times there was thus knowledge of the natural laws and, at the same time, the awareness of unknown things and processes beyond this knowledge.
Exploration and experimentation are based on the drive to understand the unknown. This activity is to serve humankind and sustain our physical environment.
Plants and animals, especially humans, live together in a dynamic equilibrium and depend on one another in complex ways.
Humans have an innate drive to attain happy life. This can be achieved and consciously perceived as such if the basic needs of life are covered and one can live in a self-determined and untroubled way without physical or mental pain.
A society requires, at all its stages, dutiful and competent members and players players in order to be fair and just.
Participation in politics is necessary, to a certain degree, to create, maintain or restore the continuation of the equilibrium of nature for a worthy, free and just life of the people.
A free, just and humane life in the EU is guaranteed by the EU and its member states through
- the constitutions of the member states
- the definition of the European Values in Art. 2 of the EU Treaty
- defined procedures against member states in case they violate Art. 2 of the EU Treaty
- the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
- the European Court of Justice and, importantly,
- the European Court of Human Rights.