Influential ideas

Examples of ancient ideas with projections to our days


The universe or cosmos consists of particles (now called atoms and photons) in an otherwise empty space.
Atoms can aggregate to form molecules and larger structures. These can be anorganic (e.g., crystals, metals, stone, or clouds), or they can be organic (e.g., proteins, fat, sugars, DNA, RNA) that join together with anorganic components to make up cells, tissues and organisms.
Particles and their aggregates can interact with one another. These interactions are not arbitrary; they follow logical rules called natural laws.
The discovery of natural laws, the rules and structure of the cosmos and nature is a continuing process driven by human curiosity. At all times there was thus knowledge of laws for the description of the cosmos and the natural world as well as the awareness of an area that lays outside of this knowledge.
Exploration and experimentation follow from the drive to understand the unknown. It is important to note that this activity remain in the service of humankind and sustain our physical environment.
Plants, animals and especially humans live on the planet together in a dynamic equilibrium and depend on one another in complex ways.
Humans have an innate drive to attain happy life. This can be achieved and consciously perceived as such if the basic necessities of life are covered and one can live  in a self-determined and untroubled way without physical or mental pain.
A just and fair community functioning for the good of its members requires dutiful and competent players.
Political participation in and of the community is necessary to a degree that conditions be created, maintained or restored for the continuation of the equilibrium of nature and for a worthy, free and just life of the people.
A free, just and humane life in the EU is guaranteed by the EU and its member states through
- the constitutions of the member states
- the definition of the European Values in Art. 2 of the EU Treaty
- defined procedures against member states in case they violate Art. 2 of the EU Treaty
- the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
- the European Court of Justice and, importantly,
- the European Court of Human Rights.